Mormon Origins & Scripture


Mormon - Orgin/Scripture




1a Founder: Joseph Smith: was born in 1805 in Sharon, VT.

1b Early Life

1c Greatly influenced by his father who was a treasure hunter who frequently used diving rods and peek stones

2c He later searched for buried treasure in NY and VT (Cpt. Kidd) and tried to increase his standard of living by minting his own money until trouble persuaded him otherwise

2b Call from God

1c In 1820, Smith had a vision from God the Father and God the Son, both in physical form, just like men 

1d All churches were abomination to God

2d Smith was to be a prophet to restore the true gospel

2c In 1823 Smith was visited by angel Moroni who showed him where to dig up gold plates near Palmyra, NY in 1827

1d Gold plates inscribed in reformed hieroglyphics

2d Translated with huge glasses called the Urim and Thummin (stones used by priests to determine God’s will in OT – Ex. 28:30; Num. 27:7; 1 Sam 28:6; Ezra 2:63; Nehemiah 7:65) after witnessed by a few people they were taken up into heaven

3d In 1830 he published the English translation and titled it the book of Mormon (Gal. 1:8)

3b Establishment of Movement

1c 1829: Smith received from John the Baptist the Aaronic priesthood and began to build a core of believers in Fayette, NY and in 1831 he received a revelation to move his followers to Missouri and Ohio

2c Between 1830-1839, the movement moved further west to get away from persecution and Smith’s bad character that was always getting him into trouble

3c In 1839, he moved the Mormons to Illinois and established the town of Narvoo  where he began the practice of polygamy and criticism from locals arose

4c In 1844, he and his brother were imprisoned in Carthage, IL for attempting to destroy a newspaper office which had criticized the Mormons; on June 22 a mob stormed the jail and made martyrs of them giving the focal around which the movement would continue on.

2a First President: Brigham Young

1b Recognized by most Mormons as both leader and prophet. He established them as a permanent organization and led them to Utah where they established their headquarters.

2b During his lifetime:

1c Encouraged polygamy – had 25 wives

2c Greatly shaped and influenced their theology

3c Corrected and updated book of Mormon

4c Responsible for “Mountain Meadow Massacre” in which 150 non-Mormons were put to death

The Mountain Meadows Massacre stands without a parallel amongst the crimes that stain the pages of American history. It was a crime committed without cause or justification of any kind to relieve it of its fearful character. . . When nearly exhausted from fatigue and thirst, [the men of the caravan] were approached by white men, with a flag of truce, and induced to surrender their arms, under the most solemn promises of protection. They were then murdered in cold blood. -William Bishop, Attorney to John D. LeeThe settlers were besieged for five days, beginning on Monday, September 7, 1857. Whether Mormons or Paiutes initially attacked the party on Monday is debated. [1] According to John D. Lee, on Friday morning, he went to the immigrants and convinced them to surrender their weapons and accept an armed one-on-one escort by the Mormon militia to safety from the siege, which the Mormon negotiators claimed was solely the doing of out of control Paiutes.

Once the escort was underway in single file, a call of "Do your duty!" was given, whereupon all the adult men were shot. The women and older children were then killed by Indians and/or Mormons, depending on what source is to be believed. At least one Mormon man, who was traveling with the party through Utah, was killed in the incident. The party's extensive property was never fully accounted for, but it is widely believed to have been stolen by those who took part in the massacre. The bodies were placed in both mass and individual graves, and in 1859 a detachment of U. S. Cavalry erected a rock cairn as a monument. On one stone were carved the words: "Here lie the bones of one hundred and twenty men, women and children, from Arkansas, murdered on the 10th [sic] day of September, 1857."Lee was excommunicated from The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints thirteen years after the incident. He was ultimately tried and executed for his crimes. He was the only person to be so punished. Lee admitted his reluctant complicity; in a lengthy confession given prior to his execution [2] he claimed he was a scapegoat for the many Mormons, including leaders George A. Smith and Isaac C. Haight, responsible for the massacre. John D. Lee also spoke bitterly of LDS President Brigham Young before his execution. In the same confession, we find the statement, "I have always believed, since that day, that General George A. Smith was then visiting Southern Utah to prepare the people for the work of exterminating Captain Fancher's train of emigrants, and I now believe that he was sent for that purpose by the direct command of Brigham Young." [3] By other accounts, despite his ill feelings toward the Mormon leader, he maintained Young's innocence with respect to the massacre to his own grave. [4] On April 20, 1961, the LDS Church posthumously reinstated Lee's


1a The Bible

1b The Bible is one of four works that God has divinely given to man. (The Bible, The Book of Mormon, Doctrines and Covenants, & The Pearl of Great Price)

2b The Bible is inadequate revelation

1c See in disunity among Protestants whereas unity among their group

2c However, they fail to fully evaluate the situation

1d They do not acknowledge the unity that does exist; the splits Mormons have seen

1e The Brighamite Church in Salt Lake City

2e The Josephite or Reorganized Church located in Independence, Missouri

2d They fail to acknowledge that much disunity is to the failure of man

1e Not read and study them (put model together without instructions)

2e Incorrectly interpret the Scriptures

3e Do not apply (Js. 4:1-3)

4e Read in what they want to believe

3b The English Bible is not a reliable source – the KJV only in so far as it is correctly translated and does not contradict Mormon doctrine

2a The Book of Mormon

1b Identity: the key book of Mormon faith, translation of the golden plates discovered by Smith, written between 600 BC and 428 AD by several writers

2b Content: (I, II, III Nephi, Moroni, Ether, Alma)

1c The book of Mormon addresses the early history of the Americas

2c It speaks of two migrations of people to the New World

1d First migration in 3,000 BC by a group of people who came from Babel died out in Central America because of sin – Jaredites

2d Second migration 600 BC

1e A group of Jews warned of God before fell to Babylon

2e Lead by two leaders who lead them across Asia, the Pacific Ocean, and landed in South America

3e Upon landing they split into two groups, opposing each other

1f Lamanites

1g Fell into sin and were cursed by God with dark skin – became American Indians

2g This is the similar reason there are black people –  do to curse placed on Cain for murdering his brother

3g Therefore, the leadership of the church has remained male and white and predominately a white religion

2f Nephites

1g Recorded prophecies concerning Christ

2g After his resurrection, he visited this group of people

3g He is described as a tall, white man with beard and blue eyes

1h His hands and feet had prints from nails – he offered all to touch them to see if they were real

2h He instituted communion, baptism, priesthood of  believers, productive methods of agriculture

3h He established a government of equality, peace,  made plains of mountains, fountains from rocks, healed many who were sick

4e In 428 AD this nation was annihilated in battle

1f Prior to battle Mormon gave the divine writings he had compiled to his son Moroni

2f He took them and buried them in the hills of Western NY

3b Problems

1c Only a few witnesses saw the plates

1d One group was denounced by Smith for low character and one of them admitted he only saw them by eyes of faith

2d The second group was also of questionable character and some were later expelled from the Mormons for apostasy

2c The account was changed by Smith

“First the book was announced to be a secular history . . . . then a gold Bible; then golden plates engraved; and later metallic plates, stereotyped or embossed with golden letters. Daniel Hendrix's recollection was that for the first few months Joe did not claim the plates any new revelation or religious significance, but simply that they were a historical record of an ancient people. This would indicate that he had possession of the Spaulding Manuscript" before it received any theological additions.” ((

3c The book is full of historical and factual error

1d No archeological data: though they speak otherwise

2d Over 2000 corrections have been made in the book of Mormon since 1830, many of which changes its meaning – still exists factual and grammatical errors, contradictions, and false prophecies (Example in one account he states the angel is Nephi others Moroni – many things in the original that were unfactual or grammatically wrong)

4c No such thing as reformed hieroglyphics

1d No one has ever seen them and if the people came out of Babylon they would have used Aramaic not Egyptian

2d Egyptians never reformed their language, but went to cuneiform

5c Most researchers are agreed that the book of Mormon is:

1d The expansion of Smith of a Roman call, the “Manuscript Found” mixed with a good splattering of the Bible (KJV)

2d The Pearl of Great Price supposedly came from some mummies purchased from a showman, wrapped in papyri – the writing of Abraham

6c Contradicts the Bible (1Jn. 4:1; 2 Pet.2:1-3)

1d The Scriptures we have are all that we need to be complete as Christians (2 Tim. 3:16-17)

2d Spiritual leaders must meet high standards (1 Tim. 3:1ff; 1 Tim. 6:9-11)

3d The Lord return only one time and His return is yet future (Acts 1:10-11; Rev. 19:11-21) there were no returns in between!

4d Contradictions between the Mormon writings and Scripture – elder having more than one wife


Mormon - Orgin/Scripture