Salvation - Repentance




I The Definition of Repentence

1a From the Hebrew word nacham and the Greek word metanoia

2a Their meaning covers three areas of the individual which are involved in the process of repentance – all or not at all

1b The realm of the mind: Acknowledge one’s sin

2b The realm of the heart: Sorrow over one’s sin

3b The realm of the will: Move away from one’s sin

II The Participants of Repentance

1a God’s role (2 Tim. 2:25)

1b God is the One Who calls to repentance: only in the sense of changing His actions toward men

1c In Noah’s day He changed in His dealings with men because of Noah’s generation

2c From Noah on things would be different for man (age, carnivorous, rain, etc.)

2b God is the One who makes repentance possible – repentance can not take place without God’s intervening work

1c Without revelation that comes from the Holy Spirit – man would not realize that he had sinned

2c Without knowledge that he has sin, no change is possible

3b God is the One who brings repentance to the believer and unbeliever alike

1c Unbeliever: Ahab and Elijah (1 Kings 21:29); unsaved (Matt. 9:13; Acts 5:31; 17:30-31; Rom. 2:4; 2 Pet. 3:9)

2c Believer:

2a Man’s role

1b To respond or reject God’s work or repentance (Heb. 3:8-15; 4:7

2b To serve as the instrument of God’s repentance (Mk. 1:4; Lk. 17:3; 24:47; 2 Cor. 7:9-10; James 5:19)

III The Work of Repentance

1a It commences with education: realm of the mind

1b Defined

1c Before a man can be sorrowful for what he has done, he must first understand that his activity is something regretful or sinful

1d OT sacrificial system – sins of ignorance are covered (Lev. 5:18; Ezek. 45:20; Heb. 9:7)

2d NT: ignorance of Jews (lay people) of Jesus day (Act. 3:17); of the Gentiles (unknown God – Acts. 17:30); pre-Christian condition (1 Pet. 1:14); pre-conversion Paul (1 Tim. 1:13)

3d From these some observations can be drawn:

1e Reason Satan is trying to make US atheistic – “ignorance is bliss”

2e Reason sin is so accepted in our society – “they have not been taught”

3e Reason correction institution fails – they do not understand why their deeds are wrong

4e Reason Church is failing today – leaving out sin

2c The education of the mind of man to his sin is no easy task

1d Flawed conscience of man: the compass of man is no longer trustworthy

1e It is not reliable: It can’t be trusted to always guide a man (unreliable speedometer)

Prov 14:12, “here is a way that seems right to a man, But its end is the way of death.”

2e It can be mislead

1f Satan (1 Tim. 4:1)

2f Men (Titus 1:11)

3e It can be silenced (1 Tim. 4:2): made calloused to the truth

2d Blinded understanding (Eph. 4:17-19)

1e We are born alienated from God

2e This creates a blindness to truth of God (2 Tim. 3:7)

3d Sinful disposition (Rom. 1:28-32; 2 Tim. 3:8: 4:4): man’s choices lean away from God’s truth and invites others to join him (humanism, Islam)

2b Described: God uses at least 5 instruments to bring man to the truth of sin

1c The Word of God: (John 17:17; 1 Thes 2:13; Heb. 4:12)

2c The Holy Spirit: (John 16:13; Rom. 8:16)

3c The Conscience of man: (Rom. (9:1)

4c The living testimony of the Saints: (Acts 1:8)

5c The governing authorities (Rom. 13)

3b Derailed: we must then be careful that we do not fall short in this area

1c Justify the sin away – to grant us an excuse

2c Measuring ourselves by the wrong standards – man’s standard

3c Keep from prayer and the study of God’s Word

4c Lying to ourselves – this isn’t really all that bad

5c Overexposing our selves

2a It continues with sorrow: realm of the heart

1b Defined: (2 Cor. 7:9-11)

1c There are many who will admit that what they are doing is in violation of God’s law but have not repented – the reason confession falls short!

2c One must also be grieved or regret the wrong one has committed before repentance can be completed\

2b Described

1c Sorrow is the God given driving force to bring about change (2 Cor. 7:11)

2c To cause enough emotional pain that we are less likely to try it again

3b Derailed

1c Misdirected sorrow: sorry for the wrong thing does not bring about change – sorry I got caught, sorry I that it did not work out

2c False Remorse (Col. 2:8): feeling sorrow for things which we should not feel remorse – people put guilt trips on us or we have a weakened conscience

3c Prolonged Remorse (Phil. 3:13, Heb. 12:1)

3a It culminates with Action: Realm of the Will

1b Defined

1c The Greek term metanoia means to make a 1800 switch – away from sin and toward God’s righteousness

2c To fail to make the decision to change is to fail to repent (Matthew 3:8; Lk. 3:8; Acts 26:20)

2b Described: God helps the believer complete his repentance by effecting the change

1c God’s strength (Phil. 4:13)

2c God’s wisdom: (1 Thes. 5:22)

3c God’s support group (Js. 5:20)

3b Detailed

1c Correcting our course

2c Making amends (if possible) the damage of sin (Lk. 19:8)